oil


oil
oil vb Oil, grease, lubricate, anoint, cream all mean to smear or treat with an oily, fatty, or greasy substance, but they vary greatly in their implications of the substance used and the purpose for which it is employed and in their idiomatic applications.
One oils the parts of a machine or mechanism subject to friction, typically by drops or squirts of a liquid substance, usually a mineral oil. Also, one oils a fabric (as cloth, silk, or paper) when one impregnates it with oil so as to make it waterproof.
One greases a thing when one rubs on or in a thick fatty substance, often an animal fat or oil, for some purpose such as to increase speed by reducing friction
{

grease axles

}
or as a medicinal application
{

grease the chest with lard and turpentine

}
or as a preventive of cohesion
{

grease a baking dish

}
One lubricates when one oils, or greases, or provides for the feeding of a lubricant (as oil or grease or graphite or a silicone) to contiguous surfaces in a machine or mechanism to make them slippery, thereby reducing friction, eliminating roughness, and preventing cohesion. Lubricate stresses the effect intended or produced; oil and grease, the substance used or the method of its application.
One anoints the body or a part of the body when one smears it with, or rubs into it an oily or fatty substance for some purpose (as a protection from the sun or an aid in massage). Anoint, however, is especially employed in reference to ceremonial uses of oil.
In the application of oily or fatty cosmetics, especially those which are called creams, cream is the customary term, oily unctuous, oleaginous, *fulsome, slick, soapy
Analogous words: hypocritical, pharisaical, sanctimonious (see under HYPOCRISY): bland, politic, diplomatic, smooth (see SUAVE)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oil — (oil), n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr. ?. Cf. {Olive}.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They are of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oil! —   1st edition …   Wikipedia

  • oïl — [ ɔjl ] adv. d affirmation • 1080 « oui »; a. fr. o « cela »; du lat. hoc et il ♦ Langue d oïl : ensemble des dialectes (picard, bourguignon, anglo normand, francien …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • oil — [oil] n. [ME oile < OFr < L oleum, oil, olive oil < Gr elaion, (olive) oil, akin to elaia,OLIVE] 1. any of various kinds of greasy, combustible substances obtained from animal, vegetable, and mineral sources: oils are liquid at ordinary… …   English World dictionary

  • oil — oil; oil·dom; oil·er; oil·field·er; oil·i·ly; oil·i·ness; oil·less; oil·let; oil·man; oil·om·e·ter; oil·skinned; oil·less·ness; oil·tight·ness; …   English syllables

  • oil — Ⅰ. oil UK US /ɔɪl/ noun [U] ► NATURAL RESOURCES a thick liquid that comes from under the Earth s surface and is used as a fuel and for making plastics, etc.: »More than 6,000 rigs were drilling for oil and gas. »The oil price increase is a… …   Financial and business terms

  • OIL — steht für: Oïl Sprachen, eine Gruppe galloromanischer Sprachen, siehe Langues d’oïl OIL steht für Ontology Inference Layer, eine semantische Auszeichnungssprache Office Infrastructures et logistique Luxembourg, Amt für Gebäude, Anlagen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oil — steht für: Oïl Sprachen, eine Gruppe galloromanischer Sprachen, siehe Langues d’oïl OIL steht für Ontology Inference Layer, eine semantische Auszeichnungssprache Office Infrastructures et logistique Luxembourg, Amt für Gebäude, Anlagen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • oil|y — «OY lee», adjective, oil|i|er, oil|i|est. 1. of oil: »an oily smell. 2. containing oil: »an oily salad dressing …   Useful english dictionary

  • Oil — Oil, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Oiled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Oiling}.] To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English